Cottage renovation

Dry Closets for a Summer Residence: Types and Principle of Operation

Installing a dry closet for a summer residence will cost more than building a courtyard toilet with a cesspool, but this is much more hygienic since the biologically active liquid used in these devices can eliminate odors and destroy microbes. In addition, all types of dry closets for summer cottages can be installed directly in the garden house, which is very convenient for summer residents with children.

Dry Closet Device for a Summer Residence: How It Works

If you do not want to use an ordinary street wooden toilet, then you can consider other options for the necessary improvement. The main disadvantages when using the toilet often arise due to the lack of a flushing system, in such cases it is recommended to opt for a biological toilet.

The use of compact portable biological toilets can also solve the problem of installing a dry closet for giving inside the house, especially in inclement weather.

In various designs, such toilets usually have the following dimensions: 32 X 38 X 31 cm or 45 x 45 x 42 cm. Often the volume of the receiving tank of such a toilet can be small, so such a toilet will not be very convenient for people permanently living outside the city.
How does the dry closet work for a summer residence and what are its advantages? The principle of operation of dry closets for summer cottages is based on the splitting of waste products with a biologically active liquid, which is able to eliminate odors and destroy microbes. Another advantage is that biological toilets do not need to be connected to communications. The most convenient are compost toilets, which if necessary can be easily installed in the right place at home, cottages, special booths or a separate utility unit located on the site. Due to the low weight of the structure, such a toilet can be placed even in a temporary extension or wooden summer toilet cubicle. There are various types of dry closets for summer cottages, equipped with heating elements, allowing them to operate such a device even in winter.

What are dry closets for summer cottages and how they work, you will find on this page?

What Are the Best Dry Closets for Summer Cottages

Manufacturers produce dry closets with various systems for processing biological waste, but in principle, there is a universal type of similar toilet, which is a conventional storage tank.
Such a toilet needs regular cleaning. The main drawback of its design is the impossibility of processing the contents in it and destroying odors.

To some extent, the odor problem can be solved with the help of a special peat sink, but another problem will arise – the acceleration of waste accumulation. Toilets of this type are recommended to be emptied several times a day.
Before choosing a dry closet for a summer residence, it is necessary to take into account the conditions of its operation, the number of people who will use it, the temperature regime of operation and the possibility of connecting to an electric network. Equally important is the cost of such a device. Not always the most expensive model is the most suitable. In addition, when choosing a certain type of biological toilet, it should be remembered that for all these structures, access to either the sewage system or the compost heap is required.

The detachable devices usually consist of two separate parts, in a certain way interconnected. If necessary, they can be disconnected, and then empty the storage tank. Cassette dry closets are solid monolithic installations having special containers (cassettes), which are located in their lower part. Separate accumulation of solid and liquid waste occurs in such cassettes. Cassettes can be easily removed and emptied as they are filled.

The Device of a Chemical Liquid Dry Closet for a Summer Residence

The device of a chemical dry closet for a summer residence is as follows: its upper part is equipped with a pump, seat, and cover. Normal water is poured into it to flush the waste. To eliminate unpleasant odors in water, it is recommended to add special flavoring liquids. The lower part is a receiving sealed tank, wherewith the help of special liquids decomposition and deodorization of waste occurs.

The disinfectant liquid in chemical dry closets is consumed quite economically: only 5 ml of such liquid per 1 liter of the volume of the lower tank is enough. The main disadvantage of liquid toilets for summer cottages is the need for regular purchases of consumables: waste solvent and deodorizing liquid.

In addition, there is another important disadvantage of using such a toilet. Reagents-utilizers (disinfecting liquids) used in the chemical dry closet cause certain harm to nature, and sewage treated with these substances cannot be used as fertilizer.

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