The Device of Peat Toilets for Summer Cottages and How It Works
How is the peat dry closet arranged and how it works for a summer residence, what are its advantages? Composting or peat biological toilet consists of two tanks. The lower tank is intended for laying a certain amount of peat. Aerobic decomposition of waste takes place in it and then processing for further use as fertilizers for a summer cottage. This process requires a constant flow of air.
The filled lower tank, which is part of the peat toilets for a summer cottage, can be easily disconnected, and there are special handles for transferring this half of the toilet to the waste disposal site. Thanks to the special valve, the contents of the tank can be gently emptied.
A special peat mixture contains microorganisms that are able to process waste. In addition, it includes disintegrants that increase air access and odor absorbers. During operation, such a mixture for a peat dry closet for cottages must be metered into the storage tank through the inlet opening. Its use allows you to effectively eliminate odors and recycle waste into environmentally friendly compost.
With its help, odorless gaseous products of aerobic decomposition are discharged into the atmosphere, and the liquid part of the waste mass goes into the irrigation system through a special drain fitting or evaporates. These composting toilets are recommended to be cleaned once every two months.
There is another advantage of the peat biological toilet, which is that the chemically active liquid is not disposed of. The volume of compost due to additional aeration is significantly reduced, and its maturation process is accelerated. Since the period between cleanings is one month, it is only necessary to empty the system three times during the summer season. The delivery set of such toilets most often includes a receiving tank, a lid that rotates 180 ′, and a ventilation duct with a length of 4 m.
Two-Chamber Composting Dry Closet for Giving
The advantage of a two-chamber composting dry closet for summer cottage is that you can use the second chamber at a time when the first chamber of the toilet is cleaned and recharged. At the bottom of each chamber, there is a grid, thanks to which air is allowed to enter the chamber. Two pipes located in each chamber perform the functions of their ventilation and air supply under the grid with compost. For the normal process of compost ripening, a temperature of +10 ° С should be maintained, therefore, in the cold season, such a toilet should be equipped with a heating function.
Such a composting toilet can be improved by placing a concrete pan under the net, equipped with a drain into the filtering trench for liquid waste. A heating cable must be laid in this tray. The heating device will allow you to easily use the composting toilet in the cold season. In warm weather, it is recommended to build a simple trap for controlling insects in the toilet.
In regions with a lot of sunny days, you can use an unusual compost toilet with solar activation. The difference from a conventional compost toilet is that this system has a relatively large ventilation capacity, which helps to speed up waste processing. A perforated plastic pipe that passes through the system’s working capacity gives an additional airflow.
Thanks to the presence of a solar heating panel, the system is completely non-volatile. It works on the principle of a greenhouse, where the sun is used, which heats the air. Depending on the climate, solar heating can be replaced by conventional forced.
Reagents for the Maintenance of Dry Closets
Now that you know which dry closet to choose for a summer residence, get acquainted with how to care for it. Special products for the maintenance of dry closets are necessary for the neutralization and disposal of human waste. Such drugs should work on the basis of natural ingredients.
The use of reagents for dry closets allows the impact of living bacteria to recycle waste so that it can then be disposed of without any harm to the environment. These bacteria produce special enzymes that can destroy organic waste in the receiving containers of dry closets. Typically, such preparations consist of a saturated mixture of natural beneficial microorganisms and the corresponding enzymes. They quickly and effectively neutralize various unpleasant odors of organic origin.
Various dry closet care products can be purchased in specialized stores. When buying such funds, it is necessary to carefully study the composition of the reagent and the properties indicated on the package. When using such products, it is important to ensure environmental safety. When choosing reagents, special attention should be paid to the fact that wastewater treated and treated with these means should be poured onto the ground or in a compost heap. Reagents may contain a concentrated mixture of beneficial natural bacteria, nutrients, amino acids, minerals, and enzymes, but they should not contain formaldehyde and quaternary ammonium compounds.
The main quality criteria for a dry closet product are the ability to dissolve solid waste without forming stones, destroy gas accumulations, the ability to discharge waste into the soil and their further use as compost. With the correct selection of reagents for the dry closet, problems with its maintenance will not arise.